On August 9, Turkish president Recep Erdoğan arrived to Russia to meet his Russian colleague Vladimir Putin. The meeting signified the cessation of a conflictual relationship that the two countries developed last November after the shooting-down of the Russian jet by Turkish military. According to Kommersant, the two leaders discussed restoration of the bilateral relationship, including “returning to the previous level of the trade that dropped by 26 percent last year, and in January-May this year—by another 43 percent.” Among other issues discussed were restoration of the tourist flow from Russia to Turkey and cooperation on Syria. Despite optimism of the official reports, some experts express doubt that Turkey and Russia can become strategic partners.

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