On September 18, Russia held parliamentary elections to the country’s 7th State Duma. The turnout was low—47.8 percent across the country—and record-low in Moscow, Moscow region and St.Petersburg—slightly over 30 percent. Only four parties were elected to the new Duma according to the party lists: United Russia (54,18 percent), Communist Party (13,35 percent), Liberal Democratic Party (13,16 percent) and Just Russia (6,21 percent). Non-parliamentary liberal parties Yabloko and PARNAS were unable to pass the 5-percent electoral threshold, receiving 1.91 percent and 0.7 percent of the vote respectively.

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