The Institute of Modern Russia publishes the updated list of persons recognized as political prisoners by Russia’s Memorial Human Rights Center, as it stands on October 30, 2014.

 

Photo: Ilya Pitalev / RIA Novosti

 

Note: The recognition of a person as a political prisoner signifies neither agreement on the part of Memorial Human Rights Center or the Institute of Modern Russia with the views and statements of this person, nor the approval of his or her statements or actions.

 

  1. Afanasyev, Evgeny Vasilyevich. Born on July 24, 1952, in Dno, Pskov region, Russia. Professor at the D. F. Ustinov Baltic State Technical University (“Voenmeh”). On June 20, 2012, he was convicted by the Saint Petersburg City Court under Article 275 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (CCRF) (“High Treason”) and sentenced to twelve years and six months of imprisonment in a maximum-security penal colony for having allegedly passed classified information to China concerning the Bulava-class ballistic missile. In custody since March 16, 2010.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he was prosecuted on charges for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial.

  2. Bagavutdinova, Zarema Ziyavutdinovna. Born on September 18, 1968, in the city of Buinaksk, Dagestan, Russia. Member of the Dagestan regional nongovernmental organization Pravozashchita (Human Rights Defense). Charged under Article 205.1, part 1 (“Involvement of a Person in the Commission of Crimes Under Article 208 of the CCRF”) of the CCRF. In custody since July 4, 2013.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because the evidence of her guilt is contradictory and insufficient for judgment. The investigators have not presented any material evidence to support their case, except for evidence that the accused, as an employee of Pravozashchita, made comments to the media that were critical of the security services.

  3. Barabanov, Andrei Nikolayevich. Born on June 25, 1990. Graduate of the Moscow Mathematical College; officially unemployed; worked part-time as an artist. Charged on June 5, 2012, under Article 212, part 2 (“Participation in Mass Riots”) and Article 318, part 1 (“Use of Violence Not Endangering Life or Health Against a Representative of the Authorities”) of the CCRF as part of the “Bolotnaya case.” In custody since May 28, 2012.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he was prosecuted on charges for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  4. Bazarbayev, Marat Tukmurzaevich. Born on April 9,1976. Member of the banned organization Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami (Islamic Liberation Party). Convicted under Article 205.1, part 1 (“Involvement of a Person in the Commission of Crimes Under Article 278 of the CCRF”); Article 30, part 1; Article 278 (“Preparation for Actions Aimed at Forcible Seizure of Power or Forcible Change of the Constitutional Order”); and Article 282.2, part 2 (“Participating in the Activities of an Extremist Organization”) of the CCRF. Sentenced to six years of imprisonment in a maximum-security penal colony, one year of restriction of liberty, and a 150,000-ruble fine. In custody since July 31, 2012.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because of the deprivation of his liberty exclusively because of his nonviolent expression of political, religious, or other views, as well as because of his exercise of the freedoms of thought, conscience, religion, and expression , in violation of the right to a fair trial and other rights and liberties guaranteed by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

  5. Berezyuk, Igor Anatolyevich. Born on June 24, 1988. Citizen of the Republic of Belarus and a member of the unregistered Other Russia Party. Convicted in October 2011 under Article 282 (“Incitement of Hatred or Enmity, or Abasement of Human Dignity”); Article 318, part 2 (“Use of Violence Endangering Life or Health Against an On-Duty Representative of the Authorities”); and Article 212, part 3 (“Calls for Active Noncompliance with Lawful Demands of Representatives of the Authorities or to Mass Riots or Calls for Violence Against Civilians”) of the CCRF. Sentenced to five years and two months of imprisonment in a minimum-security correctional labor facility in connection with the events that took place on Manezhnaya Square in Moscow in December 2010. In custody since January 30, 2011.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted on charges for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial.

  6. Bobyshev, Svyatoslav Vasilyevich. Born on August 9, 1953, in Poronaysk, Sakhalin region, Russia. Professor at the D. F. Ustinov Baltic State Technical. Convicted on June 20, 2012, by the Saint Petersburg City Court under Article 275 (“High Treason”) of the CCRF. Sentenced to twelve years of imprisonment in a maximum-security penal colony for having allegedly passed to China classified information concerning the Bulava-class ballistic missile. In custody since March 16, 2010.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he was prosecuted on a charge for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial.

  7. Cherepovsky, Sergei Olegovich. Born on November 23, 1991, in the city of Novocherkassk, Rostov region, Russia. Commodity expert and activist of the unregistered Other Russia Party. Charged under Article 318, part 1 (“Use of Violence Not Endangering Life or Health Against a Representative of the Authorities”) of the CCRF. In a pretrial detention facility in the city of Tver’ since May 3, 2013. In custody since May 1, 2013.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted on a charge for which there is no evidence, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  8. Feldman, Mikhail Valerievich. Born in 1971. Civic activist. Charged under Article 213, part 2 (“Hooliganism...by Reason of Political, Ideological, Racial, National or Religious Hatred...Committed by a Group of Persons by Previous Concert, or by an Organized Group”) of the CCRF in connection with the placement of the German flag on the building of the Kaliningrad regional office of the Federal Security Service on March 11, 2014. In custody since April 26, 2014.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted on a charge for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  9. Fonaryov, Dmitry Alexandrovich. Born in 1991. Civic activist. Charged under Article 213, part 2 (“Hooliganism...by Reason of Political, Ideological, Racial, National or Religious Hatred...Committed by a Group of Persons by Previous Concert, or by an Organized Group”) of the CCRF in connection with the placement of the German flag on the building of the Kaliningrad regional office of the Federal Security Service on March 11, 2014. In custody since April 20, 2014.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted on a charge for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  10. Galiullin, Rinat Faizullovich. Born on June 25, 1978. Member of the banned organization Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami (Islamic Liberation Party). Convicted under Article 205.1, part 1 (“Involvement of a Person in the Commission of Crimes Under Article 278 of the CCRF”); Article 30, part 1; Article 278 (“Preparation for Actions Aimed at Forcible Seizure of Power or Forcible Change of the Constitutional Order”); Article 282.2, part 2 (“Participating in the Activities of an Extremist Organization”); and Article 282.2, part 1 (“Organizing the Activities of an Extremist Organization”) of the CCRF. Sentenced to six years and six months of imprisonment in a maximum-security penal colony, one year of restriction of liberty, and a 150,000-ruble fine. In custody since July 31, 2012.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because of the deprivation of his liberty exclusively because of his nonviolent expression of political, religious, and other views, as well as because of his exercise of the freedoms of thought, conscience, religion, and expression, in violation of the right to a fair trial and other rights and liberties guaranteed by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

  11. Garifyanov, Aidar Ralifovich. Born in 1976. Resident of the Republic of Bashkortostan. Charged with being a member of the banned organization “Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami” under Article 278, part 1 (“Actions Aimed at the Forcible Seizure of Power or Forcible Retention of Power ...or Aimed at the Forcible Change of the Constitutional System”); and Article 282.2, part 1 (“Creation of an Extremist Community”) of the CCRF. In custody since August 26, 2013.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted on charges for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  12. Gaskarov, Aleksei Vladimirovich. Born on June 18, 1985. Employee of a consulting firm, anarchist, and antifascist; member of the Russian Opposition Coordination Council. Charged on April 29, 2013, under Article 212, part 2 (“Participation in Mass Riots”); and Article 318, part 1 (“Use of Violence Not Endangering Life or Health Against a Representative of the Authorities”) of the CCRF as part of the “Bolotnaya case.” In custody since April 28, 2013.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted solely in connection with his nonviolent exercise of his right to freedom of assembly and on the basis of a charge for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  13. Gushchin, Ilya Vladimirovich. Born on August 22, 1988. Temporarily unemployed at the time of arrest; member of the National Democratic Party. Charged on February 6, 2013, under Article 212, part 2 (“Participation in Mass Riots”); and Article 318, part 1 (“Use of Violence Not Endangering Life or Health Against a Representative of the Authorities”) of the CCRF as part of the “Bolotnaya case.” In custody since February 6, 2013.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted solely in connection with his nonviolent exercise of his right to freedom of assembly and on the basis of a charge for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  14. Idelbayev, Rinat Vadimovich. Born on December 27, 1980. Member of the banned organization Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami (“Islamic Liberation Party”). Convicted under Article 205.1, part 1 (“Involvement of a Person in the Commission of Crimes Under Article 278 of the CCRF”); Article 30, part 1; Article 278 (“Preparation for Actions Aimed at Forcible Seizure of Power or Forcible Change of the Constitutional Order”); and Article 282.2, part 2 (“Participating in the Activities of an Extremist Organization”) of the CCRF. Sentenced to six years of imprisonment in a maximum-security penal colony, one year of restriction of liberty, and a 150,000-ruble fine. In custody since July 31, 2012.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because of the deprivation of his liberty exclusively because of his nonviolent expression of political, religious, or other views, as well as because of his exercise of the freedoms of thought, conscience, religion, and expression, in violation of the right to a fair trial and other rights and liberties guaranteed by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

  15. Ishevsky Dmitry Vyacheslavovich. Born in 1983. A retired officer of the Russian Armed Forces. Charged under Article 212, part 2 (“Participation in Mass Riots”); and Article 318, part 1 (“Use of Violence that Does Not Endanger Human Life or Health Against a Representative of Power”) of the CCRF as part of the “Bolotnaya case.” Indicted on May 27, 2014. In custody since May 27, 2014.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he was prosecuted on charges for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  16. Khamadayev, Alexei Alfritovich. Born in 1982. Resident of the Republic of Bashkortostan. Charged with being a member of the banned organization “Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami” under Article 278, part 1 (“Actions Aimed at the Forcible Seizure of Power or Forcible Retention of Power...or Aimed at the Forcible Change of the Constitutional System”); and Article 282.2, part 1 (“Creation of an Extremist Community”) of the CCRF. In custody since August 26, 2013.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted on charges for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  17. Khamiev, Lors Nokhchoevich. Born in 1988. Chechen. Convicted under Article 205 (“Terrorism”) and Article 222 (“Possession of Weapons and Ammunition”) of the CCRF. Sentenced to eight years of imprisonment in a maximum-security penal colony based on falsified charges of an alleged attempt to assassinate Ramzan Kadyrov. In custody since May 8, 2007.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted in violation of the right to a fair trial.

  18. Khubaev, Ruslan Tamerlanovich. Born on October 29, 1976. Member of the unregistered Other Russia Party. Convicted in October 2011 under Article 212, part 3 (“Calls for Mass Riots”); Article 213 (“Hooliganism”); and Article 282 (“Incitement of Hatred or Enmity”) of the CCRF. Sentenced to four and a half years of imprisonment in a maximum-security penal colony in connection with the events that took place in Manezhnaya Square in Moscow in December 2010. In custody since March 23, 2011.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because of selective prosecution in violation of the right to a fair trial.

  19. Krivov, Sergei Vladimirovich. Born on September 8, 1961. Holds a Ph.D. in technology; member of the Republican Party of Russia—People’s Freedom Party. Charged on October 19, 2012, under Article 212, part 2 (“Participation in Mass Riots”); and Article 318, part 1 (“Use of Violence Not Endangering Life or Health Against a Representative of the Authorities”) of the CCRF as part of the “Bolotnaya case.” In custody since October 18, 2012.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted solely in connection with his nonviolent exercise of his right to freedom of assembly and on the basis of charges for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  20. Kudayev, Rasul Vladimirovich. Born on January 23, 1978, in the Zarechny settlement of the Prokhladnensky district of the Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. Charged under Article 105, part 2 (“Murder of Two or More Persons Committed by a Generally Dangerous Method by an Organized Group Out of Mercenary Motives Linked with Banditry”); Article 166, part 4 (“Unlawful Occupancy of a Car Without the Purpose of Stealing Committed by an Organized Group with the Use of Violence Dangerous to Human Life or Health, or with the Threat of Such Violence”); Article 205, part 3 (“An Act of Terrorism with the Use of Firearms by an Organized Group, Ensuring Other Grave Consequences”); Article 209, part 2 (“Creation of a Stable Armed Group (Crew) with the Aim of Assaulting Individuals or Organizations, and Involvement in Assaults Carried Out by It”); Article 210, part 2 (“Participating in a Criminal Organization”); Article 222, part 3 (“Illegal Acquisition, Transfer, Sale, Storage, Transportation, or Bearing of Firearms, Its Basic Parts, Ammunition, Explosives, or Explosive Devices by an Organized Group”); Article 30, part 3; Article 226, part 4 (“Attempted Theft of Firearms and Ammunition by an Organized Group with the Use of Violence Dangerous to Human Life or Health, or with the Threat of Such Violence”); Article 226, part 4 (“Theft of Firearms and Ammunition by an Organized Group with the Use of Violence Dangerous to Human Life or Health, or with the Threat of Such Violence”); Article 279 (“Actively Participating in an Armed Rebellion for the Purpose of Overthrowing or Forcibly Changing the Constitutional Order of the Russian Federation, or of Breaching the Territorial Integrity of the Russian Federation”); and Article 317 (“Encroachment on the Life of an Officer of a Law Enforcement Agency or a Military Officer”) of the CCRF. In custody since October 23, 2005. Currently awaiting a court sentence.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because of the deprivation of his liberty in violation of the right to a fair trial and other rights and liberties guaranteed by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. His prosecution was also based falsified evidence and was characterized by the absence ofcorpus delicti.

  21. Kulagin, Evgeny Viktorovich. Born in 1981. Resident of the Republic of Bashkortostan. Charged with being a member of the banned organization “Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami” under Article 278, part 1 (“Actions Aimed at the Forcible Seizure of Power or Forcible Retention of Power ...or Aimed at the Forcible Change of the Constitutional System”); and Article 282.2, part 1 (“Creation of an Extremist Community”) of the CCRF. In custody since August 26, 2013.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted on charges for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  22. Kutaev, Ruslan Mahamdievich. Born on September 20, 1957, in the village of Achkhoy-Martan in Chechen-Ingush ASSR. A Chechen public figure with a Ph.D. Sentenced to four years of imprisonment in a minimum-security correctional labor facility with one year of custodial restraint on trumped-up charges of committing a crime under Article 228, part 2 (“Illegal Acquisition, Storage, Transportation, Making or Processing of Narcotic Drugs...Without the Purpose of Selling...on an Especially Large Scale”) of the CCRF after he organized a conference entitled “The Deportation of the Chechen People: What It Was and Is It Possible to Forget?” that was not authorized by the authorities of the Chechen Republic. In custody since February 20, 2014.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted on a charge for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial.

  23. Lutskevich, Denis Aleksandrovich. Born on April 11, 1992. Student at the Russian State University for Humanities; assistant dean of the Department of Cultural Studies. Charged on June 18, 2012, under Article 212, part 2 (“Participation in Mass Riots”); and Article 318, part 1 (“Use of Violence Not Endangering Life or Health Against a Representative of the Authorities”) of the CCRF as part of the “Bolotnaya case.” In custody since June 8, 2012.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted solely in connection with his nonviolent exercise of his right to freedom of assembly and on the basis of charges for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  24. Margolin, Aleksandr Yevgeniyevich. Born on December 17, 1971. Deputy director of a publishing house. Charged on February 20, 2013, under Article 212, part 2 (“Participation in Mass Riots”) and Article 318, part 1 (“Use of Violence Not Endangering Life or Health Against a Representative of the Authorities”) of the CCRF as part of the “Bolotnaya case.” In custody since February 20, 2013.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted solely in connection with his nonviolent exercise of his right to freedom of assembly and on the basis of charges for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  25. Matveyev, Igor Vladimirovich. Born on February 17,1974, in the city of Mozdok, North Ossetian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. Former major of internal troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation; serving in the Primorsk Territory at the time of his arrest. Convicted on September 9, 2011, under Article 286, part 3 (“Abuse of Power Committed with the Use of Violence or a Threat Thereof”) of the CCRF. Sentenced to three years and six months of imprisonment with dishonorable discharge. Currently awaiting trial on new charges under Article 286, part 3 and Article 159, part 3 (“Fraud Committed by a Person Through His Official Position”) of the CCRF. In custody since May 2011.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted on charges for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial.

  26. Nasyrov, Vadim Gaifullaevich. Born on February 17, 1981. Member of the banned organization Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami (Islamic Liberation Party). Convicted under Article 205.1, part 1 (“Involvement of a Person in the Commission of Crimes Under Article 278 of the CCRF”); Article 30, part 1, Article 278 (“Preparation for Actions Aimed at Forcible Seizure of Power or Forcible Change of the Constitutional Order”); and Article 282.2, part 2 (“Participating in the Activities of an Extremist Organization”) of the CCRF. Sentenced to six years of imprisonment in a maximum-security penal colony, one year of restriction of liberty, and a 150,0000-ruble fine. In custody since July 31, 2012.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because of the deprivation of his liberty exclusively because of his nonviolent expression of political, religious, or other views, as well as because of his exercise of the freedom of thought, conscience, religion, and expression, in violation of the right to a fair trial and other rights and liberties guaranteed by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

  27. Navalny, Alexey Anatolyevich. Born on June 4, 1976, in the town of Butyn’, Odintsovo district, Moscow region. Resides in Moscow. Member of the Coordinating Council of the opposition; former pro bono advisor to Nikita Belov, governor of the Kirov region. Convicted under Article 33, part 3, and Article 160, part 4 (“Misappropriation or Embezzlement...Committed by an Organized Group or on an Especially Large Scale”) of the CCRF in connection with the “Kirovles case.” Sentenced to five years of imprisonment with five years of probation. A second case is pending under Article 159, part 4 (“Fraud Committed by an Organized Group or on an Especially Large Scale”); Article 174, part 2 (“Legalization (Laundering) of Funds and Other Property Acquired by Other Persons Illegally...by a Group of Persons by Previous Concert and by a Person Through His Official Position”) of the CCRF. Place under house arrest on February 28, 2014.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted on charges for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial.

  28. Osipova, Taisia Vitaliyevna. Born on August 26, 1984. Political activist with a permanent place of residence in Smolensk, Smolensk region, Russia. Victim of persecution by law enforcement authorities based on her membership in the unregistered Other Russia Party. Convicted on December 29, 2011, by Judge E. N. Dvoryanchikov of the Smolensk Zadneprovski Court and sentenced to ten years of imprisonment under Article 228.1, part 3 (“Illegal Production, Sale or Transmission of Narcotic Substances on an Especially Large Scale”) of the CCRF. Verdict repealed by the Smolensk Oblast Court on February 15, 2012, and the case was sent for a retrial. On August 28, 2012, she was sentenced to eight years of imprisonment, despite the fact that the prosecutor had requested four years. In custody since November 23, 2010.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because she is being prosecuted in violation of the right to a fair trial.

  29. Pichugin, Aleksei Vladimirovich. Born on July 25, 1962. Former head of the Department of Internal Economic Security of the Yukos Oil Company. By two judgments, in 2005 and 2007, convicted under Article 162 (“Robbery with Violence”) and Article 105 (“Murder”) of the CCRF. Sentenced to life in a maximum-security penal colony. The investigation and trial were marked by numerous violations of due process and fair trial, warranting the conclusion that Pichugin’s guilt was not proved and that the evidence underlying the judgments had been falsified. In custody since June 19, 2003.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted in violation of the right to a fair trial.

  30. Polikhovich, Aleksei Alekseyevich. Born on August 29, 1990. Student of the Russian State Social University. Charged under Article 212, part 2 (“Participation in Mass Riots”); and Article 318, part 1 (“Use of Violence Not Endangering Life or Health Against a Representative of the Authorities”) of the CCRF as part of the “Bolotnaya case.” The charge under Article 212, part 2, of the CCRF was brought on August 3, 2012, while the charge under Article 318, part 1, of the CCRF was added on December 21, 2012—the day after Vladimir Putin’s end-of-the-year press conference. In custody since July 25, 2012. The case is currently pending before the Moscow Zamoskvoretsky Court.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted solely in connection with his nonviolent exercise of his right to freedom of assembly and on the basis of charges for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  31. Polyudova, Daria Vladimirovna. Born on February 4, 1989, in the town of Quvasoy, Uzbekistan. Left Front activist. At the time of her arrest, resided in Krasnodar. Convicted under Article 280, part 2 (“Public Appeals for the Performance of Extremist Activity...Committed with the Use of Internet”) and Article 280.1, part 2 ("Public Appeals for the Performance of Extremist Activity"...Aimed to Territorially Disintegrate the Russian Federation Committed with the Use of Internet“) of the CCRF in connection with her participation in preparations for the cancelled “March for the Federalization of Kuban.’” In custody since August 28, 2014.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because she is being prosecuted solely in connection with the nonviolent exercise of her right to freedom of assembly and on charges for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  32. Razvozzhaev, Leonid Mikhailovich. Born on June 12, 1973. Member of the Russian Opposition Coordination Council. Following the airing of an NTV propaganda film calledThe Anatomy of Protest 2, charged under Article 30, part 1, in conjunction with Article 212, part 1 (“Preparation for Organization of Mass Riots”) and Article 212, part 1 (“Organization of Mass Riots”) of the CCRF. Currently held in a pretrial detention center. In custody since September 19, 2012, when he was abducted from the territory of Ukraine.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted on charges for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  33. Reznik, Sergei Eduardovich. Born on April 10, 1976, in the city of Rostov-on-Don, Rostov region, Russia. Deputy director for public relations at the Rostov branch of the ASK-plus company, journalist, and blogger. Convicted on November 26, 2013, under Article 204, part 2“" (“Commercial Bribery Committed for Knowingly Unlawful Actions”); Article 306, part 3 (“Knowingly False Denunciation Joined with Artificial Creation of Prosecution Evidence”); and Article 319 (“Insult of a Representative of the Government”) of the CCRF. Sentenced to one year and six months of imprisonment in a minimum-security correctional labor facility. Awaiting sentencing under Article 306, part 2 (“Knowingly False Denunciation About a Crime Joined with the Accusation of a Person of Committing a Grave or Especially Grave Crime”) and Article 319 of the CCRF. In custody since November 28, 2013.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted exclusively in connection with his nonviolent exercise of his rights to free thought and free expression of opinions and information, as guaranteed by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. Additionally, the punishment was determined in violation of the right to a fair trial and in the absence of corpus delicti in order to involuntarily end the defendant’s public activities.

  34. Sataev, Rasim Radikovich. Born in 1988. Resident of the Republic of Bashkortostan. Charged with being a member of the banned organization “Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami” under Article 278, part 1 (“Actions Aimed at the Forcible Seizure of Power or Forcible Retention of Power...or Aimed at the Forcible Change of the Constitutional System”); and Article 282.2, part 1 (“Creation of an Extremist Community”) of the CCRF. In custody since August 26, 2013.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted on charges for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  35. Savelov, Artem Viktorovich. Born on May 14, 1979. Charged on June 19, 2012, under Article 212, part 2 (“Participation in Mass Riots”); and Article 318, part 1 (“Use of Violence Not Endangering Life or Health Against a Representative of the Authorities”) of the CCRF as part of the “Bolotnaya case.” In custody since June 9, 2012. The case is currently pending before the Moscow Zamoskvoretsky Court. Recognized as a prisoner of conscience by Amnesty International.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted solely in connection with his nonviolent exercise of his right to freedom of assembly and on the basis of charges for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  36. Savchenko, Nadezhda Viktorovna. Born on May 11, 1981, in Kiev. Ukrainian citizen and Ukrainian Air Force officer. Resided in Kiev. Convicted under Article 33, part 5; and Article 105, part 5 (“Assistance in the Commission of a Murder...of Two or More Persons in Connection with their Professional Duties...Committed by a Group of Persons Out of Political Hatred and by a Generally Dangerous Method”) of the CCRF. She has been de facto deprived of her liberty in the territory of Russia since June 24, 2014, and has been in custody since June 30, 2014.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because she is being prosecuted on a charge for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial.

  37. Savvin, Oleg Sergeyevich. Born in 1988. Civic activist. Charged under Article 213, part 2 (“Hooliganism...by Reason of Political, Ideological, Racial, National or Religious Hatred...Committed by a Group of Persons by Previous Concert, or by an Organized Group”) of the CCRF in connection with the placement of the German flag on the building of the Kaliningrad regional office of the Federal Security Service on March 11, 2014. In custody since April 26, 2014.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted on a charge for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  38. Shaikhutdinov, Fanis Aglyamovich. Born on June 27, 1965. Muslim. Sentenced in 2006 to ten and a half years of imprisonment under Article 205 (“Terrorism”) and Article 222 (“Possession of Weapons and Ammunition”) of the CCRF in a case of alleged involvement in the bombing of local gas pipes in the town of Bugul’ma, Russia, which caused neither injuries nor destruction of property. Originally apprehended on April 1, 2005. During the first trial, he was acquitted by the jury; the verdict was overturned by the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted in violation of the right to a fair trial.

  39. Shalina, Olga Leonidovna. Born on November 2, 1983, in the city of Podolsk, Moscow region, Russia; permanently residing in Moscow. Member of the unregistered Other Russia Party. In connection with a case involving self-defense near the Tagansky Court, she was convicted under Article 213, part 2 (“Hooliganism Committed by a Group of Persons by Previous Conspiracy or by an Organized Group”) of the CCRF and originally given a three-year suspended sentence with four years of probation. On December 23, 2011, the court replaced the suspended sentence with a sentence of three years imprisonment. Arrested on April 27, 2012, during the baptism of her nephews in church.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because she is being prosecuted on a charge for which there is no evidence, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  40. Shipilov, Dmitry Vladimirovich. Born on October 15, 1980, in Yurga, Kemerovo region. Journalist and blogger. Convicted on April 9, 2012, under Article 319 (“Insult of a Representative of the Government”) of the CCRF. Sentenced to eleven months of hard labor and 10% wage garnishment; this punishment was later replaced with three months of imprisonment in a minimum-security correctional labor facility. In custody since September 10, 2014.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted solely in connection with his nonviolent exercise of his right to freedom of expression and on the basis of a charge for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  41. Udaltsov, Sergei Stanislavovich. Born on February 16, 1977. Member of the Coordination Council of the Russian opposition and a leader of the Left Front. Following the airing of an NTV propaganda film calledThe Anatomy of Protest 2, he was charged under Article 30, part 1, of the CCRF in conjunction with Article 212, part 1 (“Preparation for Organization of Mass Riots”) and Article 212, part 1 (“Organization of Mass Riots”) of the CCRF. Sentenced to four years and six months in a minimum-security correctional labor facility. Under house arrest from February 9, 2013, to July 24, 2014. In custody since July 24, 2014.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted solely in connection with his nonviolent exercise of his right to freedom of assembly and on the basis of charges for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  42. Valiyev, Rushat Rashitovich. Born on April 8, 1983. Member of the banned organization Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami (Islamic Liberation Party). Convicted under Article 205.1, part 1 (“Involvement of a Person in the Commission of Crimes Under Article 278 of the CCRF”); Article 30, part 1, Article 278 (“Preparation for Actions Aimed at Forcible Seizure of Power or Forcible Change of the Constitutional Order”); and Article 282.2, part 2 (“Participating in the Activities of an Extremist Organization”) of the CCRF. Sentenced to six years of imprisonment in a maximum-security penal colony, one year of restriction of liberty, and a 150,000-ruble fine. In custody since July 31, 2012.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because of the deprivation of his liberty exclusively because of his nonviolent expression of political, religious, or other views, as well as because of his exercise of the freedoms of thought, conscience, religion, and expression, in violation of the right to a fair trial and other rights and liberties guaranteed by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

  43. Vazhenin, Pavel Vladimirovich. Born on August 16, 1979, in the city of Blagoveshchensk, Amur region. Social psychologist. At the time of his arrest, resided in the Odintsovo district of the Moscow region. Convicted under Article 213, part 2 (“Hooliganism Committed by a Group of Persons by Previous Concert”); and Article 318, part 1 (“Use of Violence that Does Not Endanger Human Life or Health, or Threats to Use Violence Against a Representative of Power”) of the CCRF. Sentenced to three years in a minimum-security correctional labor facility. In custody since April 12, 2013.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he was prosecuted on charges for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  44. Vitishko, Evgeny Gennadievich. Born on July 3, 1973, in Slavyansk-on-Kuban, Krasnodar Territory. Ecologist and activist with the Russian United Democratic Party “Yabloko”. Together with Suren Gazaryan, another member of the Environmental Watch on North Caucasus organization, charged under Article 167, part 2 (“Willful Destruction or Damage of Property, Committed Through Hooligan Motives and Entailing...Grave Consequences”) of the CCRF for damaging a fence around the residence of Alexander Tkachev, the governor of Krasnodar Territory. Sentenced on June 20, 2012, to three years of imprisonment with two years probation; on December 20, 2013, the court overturned the probation sentence and replaced it with three years in a penal settlement. On February 12, 2014, the decision entered into force.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted on a charge for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  45. Yankauskas Konstantinas (Konstantin) Stasisovich. Born on September 28, 1986. Research associate at the Market Economy Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Municipal deputy in Zyuzino district. Member of the standing committee of the 5th of December Party. Charged under Article 159, part 4 (“Fraud Committed by an Organized Group or on an Especially Large Scale”) of the CCRF in connection with a case involving fundraising through Yandex-money (Russia’s largest electronic payment service) in support of Alexey Navalny’s Moscow mayoral campaign. Placed under house arrest on June 11, 2014.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted on a charge for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

  46. Zimin, Stepan Yuryevich. Born on January 18, 1992. Fourth-year student at the Faculty of History, Political Science, and Law at the Russian State University for Humanities; anarchist and antifascist. Charged on June 18, 2012, under Article 212, part 2 (“Participation in Mass Riots”); and Article 318, part 1 (“Use of Violence Not Endangering Life or Health Against a Representative of the Authorities”) of the CCRF as part of the “Bolotnaya case.” Sentenced to three years and six months of imprisonment in a maximum-security penal colony. In custody since June 8, 2012.

    Recognized as a political prisoner because he is being prosecuted solely in connection with his nonviolent exercise of his right to freedom of assembly and on the basis of a charge for which there is no evidence, in violation of the right to a fair trial, and because of the use of detention disproportionate to the alleged offence.

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